23 Dec architects who have made history
Considered one of the branches of art, along with dance, sculpture, music, painting, literature, engraving, photography, theater and cinema, architecture has a long history.
Our daily life is conditioned by the buildings that surround us. Structures, whether imposing, inspiring, subtle or spectacular, have always been designed to influence the way we look, think or move.
We go through time through the architecture and the most emblematic buildings of modern history, where you will find pieces of the if not better at least the most recognized architects of all time.
Antoni Gaudí, Spain, 1852-1926 He is undoubtedly one of the most famous architects of the twentieth century, this prolific architect is the greatest exponent of modernism, a movement that is characterized by its color, sinuous curves and motifs of organic inspiration. They say that his culminating work is the church of the Sagrada Familia, although all his work is equally spectacular.
William Morris (1834-1896) Creative and stubborn in his ideas, Morris was the founder of the Arts and Crafts movement that totally rejected industrial production by driving a return to crafts as a way of developing his works. The Red House is his most admired work.
Edwin Lutyens He was one of the most important British urban planners of the 20th century. His work was characterized by adapting traditional architecture to the requirements of his time. He designed many country houses in England, and above all, the city of New Delhi, part of the metropolis of Delhi that would later house the seat of the government of India.1 In recognition of his work, New Delhi is also known as “the Delhi of Lutyens. ” He was a British architect, well known at the time for his versatility and eccentricity. In 1924 I finished the construction of what would be his most popular work, the doll house of the Queen Mary, a Palladian villa with four floors built at 1/12 scale and permanently exhibited in the public area of Windsor Castle. It was not considered as a toy for children, but as a sample of the brightest British crafts of the time. In 1929 he was commissioned to design a new cathedral in Liverpool. Lutyens Delhi is an area of New Delhi, India, named after the British architect Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), responsible for the design and construction of much of the buildings in the area when India was part of the British Empire, in the twenties, thirties and forties of the twentieth century. It also includes the bungalow area of Lutyens.
Frank Lloyd Wright, USA, 1867-1959
Maximum exponent of the rationalist and minimalist movement. In his constructions he achieves a great visual transparency, a profusion of light and a feeling of spaciousness and openness. For the first time walls or divisions of lightweight material or ceilings of different heights are used to divide spaces or differentiate them. Wright established for the first time the difference between “defined spaces” and “enclosed spaces.” One of his most prominent and best-known projects was carried out between 1935 and 1939, the Fallingwater House in Bear Run, Pennsylvania, built on a huge rock, directly above a waterfall with a modern style ahead of its time.
Oscar Niemeyer Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho was a Brazilian architect. Follower and great promoter of Le Corbusier’s ideas, he is considered one of the most influential characters in modern international architecture. His international reputation comes from his audacity and imagination. Niemeyer’s work is implanted in urban spaces with authority and presence, giving a lot of character to his surroundings. Another unmistakable feature of its buildings is that they rise on steel and concrete piles. Some of his first professional work would arrive in 1936, where he was commissioned to design the building of the Ministry of Education and Health of Rio de Janeiro, at the request of the project advisor Le Corbusier. The most ambitious project of Latin American architecture created by this architect engineer, would not arrive until the mid-twentieth century, in the year 1956, in the company of his master and colleague Lucio Costa; With the design and construction of Brasilia, the city that the then president, Juscelino Kubitschek, dreamed of raising as the country’s new capital and as a symbol of his democratic regime.
Le Corbusier (1887-1965) He believed in the possibility of changing the world with architecture, which he considered a machine to generate beauty. Something that in practice mostly resolved with reinforced concrete as an ally and the implementation of open spaces. In turn, he developed his own measurement system, called “Le Modulor”, which was based on the dimensions of the human body. Its peak works are Villa Savoye, Poissy and the chapel of Notre Dame du Haut.
British by birth, Norman Foster has written his name in the history of architecture and this is recognized, for example, by the Pritzker and the Prince of Asturias Awards for the Arts, with which he was awarded, in 1999 and 2009, respectively. And to these recognitions are added others. But his work has left a mark with the buildings and his passion for architecture. He is the president of the Norman Foster Foundation, which encourages interdisciplinary thinking and research to help new generations of architects, designers and urban planners anticipate the future. In November 2016, he was chosen to carry out the new extension of the Prado Museum in Madrid, before and after, many important buildings, many known names, many architecture. In Spain, one of his first important works was the Collserola communications tower in Barcelona (1991), carried out on the occasion of the 1992 Olympic Games.
Also in 2007 he designed his first winery, Portia, in Gumiel de Izán (Burgos)
At an international level, the following are the Swiss Re headquarters tower in London, the Hongkong Bank and Shanghai, the City Hall in London or Hearst Tower in New York
For many architects in Miami, Florida, they are referents in their daily works.